Orphan Train – Christina Baker Kline

Trains carrying orphans ran routinely from the East Coast to the Midwest between 1854 and 1929 carrying abandoned children needing homes. Fate determined whether these kids got good families or were taken for more pragmatic, brutal reasons such as hard labor. In this marvelously written book of fiction, Irish immigrant Vivian is one such child. In chapters which move from the past to the present, we learn what happened to her; the good, the bad and the ugly. At the end of her life, Vivian is living peacefully and well in Maine when 17-year-old Molly shows up with community-service hours to fill. As Molly helps Vivian clean out her attic, she discovers she and the wealthy widow have much more in common than it seems. Molly has spent her childhood in and out of foster homes, and is currently living with another set of indifferent strangers. This well-crafted, emotional journey through loss and upheaval, still manages an ultimate message of resilience, hope and finding friendship when and where we least expect it.

The Diary of a Young Girl – Anne Frank

519HKX9M69LAnne Frank is a typical teenager living in Amsterdam in 1942, except she’s Jewish, and anti-Semitic laws make life increasingly hard. To avoid a concentration camp, the Franks go into hiding with another family and an acquaintance in a secret annex above Mr. Frank’s office stockpiled with food and supplies. Anne continues her diary while in hiding. She includes war details, but more often writes about loneliness and isolation. She details her crush on the teenage boy sharing the annex which ebbs given her father’s disapproval. She also describes feeling solidarity with Jews being persecuted, but resents it and wants to be seen as an individual. For two years, she details confinement and deprivation, but the diary ends abruptly in 1944 when the family is betrayed to the Nazis and arrested. Anne’s father, the family’s sole survivor, gets her diary back from Miep, a young woman who helped them, and publishes it to fulfill Anne’s wishes. It is both a condemnation of the horror of the Holocaust, and one of the few accounts from a young person’s perspective.   

Sophie’s Choice – William Styron

SophiesChoiceAt its core, this book is about the no-win ethical choice a woman must make during the World War II era. Three people share a boarding house in Brooklyn. Stingo, an aspiring author, is drawn into a difficult relationship between a Jew and his Catholic lover. Nathan is charming, but a schizophrenic who self-medicates and is violent. Sophie is Polish and a survivor of a Nazi concentration camp. As Stingo gets to know Sophie, she slowly tells him about her past — about how she was sent to Auschwitz with her two children. Stingo’s growing closeness to Sophie prompts Nathan, who is at times delusional, to accuse them of having an affair. He threatens to kill them. Stingo and Sophie flee and she finally reveals the horrific decision she was forced to make in Auschwitz about her kids. Stingo proposes marriage, but Sophie is deeply depressed, an alcoholic and desperate to self-destruct with Nathan. This is a beautifully written book, with fully realized characters, well deserving of the National Book Award it was awarded in 1980.

Cheaper By The Dozen – Frank B. Gilbreth Jr. and Ernestine Gilbreth Carey

81rD3tXNwALThis is a very charming, funny, true book about Frank and Lillian Gilbreth who married in 1904 and became partners in a business consulting firm. We still use many of their methods today. They aren’t best know for their work, however, but for having 12 children — two of whom wrote this book. Frank is the larger-than-life central character who saw his family as a laboratory for time-and-motion studies, requiring them, for example, to run whenever they heard a whistle blow. He smoked cigars, was a snazzy dresser and drove like a madman. Back then, cars were still a novelty. An open Pierce Arrow crammed with 12 kids was a show stopper. Frank knew how to handle hecklers. When one guy shouted, “Say, Noah, what are you doing with that Ark?” Frank replied, “Collecting animals like the good Lord told me . . . All I need now is a jackass.  Hop in.” He died a young man. Lillian picked up his work, becoming widely respected in a man’s world, but Frank’s passing left a void in the family impossible to fill.

Roman Blood – Steven Saylor


175px-Roman_Blood_coverThis is a great book for readers who enjoy Roman history — like I do. It’s the first in the Roma Sub Rosa series, mysteries which feature sleuth Gordianus the Finder.  The year is 80 BC and Sulla rules Rome. Young lawyer Marcus Cicero is defending Sextus Roscius, accused of murdering his wealthy father.  (The gruesome penalty for patricide is to be marched to the Field of Mars, brutally whipped, sewn into a sack with a snake, chicken and dog, and then chucked into the Tiber.) Cicero hires Gordianus to investigate.  Rumor has it Roscius plotted the murder because his father threatened to disinherit him and leave the money to the unborn child of a prostitute with whom he was having an affair. As Gordianus pursues the truth, his house is vandalized, his slave Bethesda attacked and someone tries to kill him, more than once.  Maybe, because he discovers something that could set Roscius free but implicate Roman Dictator Sulla in the process.

 

Wideacre – Philippa Gregory

16188This book, which features a truly vile heroine, isn’t for everyone.  Beatrice Lacey (whom I love to hate) lives in England in the 1700s on a rich estate called Wideacre.  She loves the land, more than her bookish brother Harry, but by law she can’t inherit.  Determined to be in charge, she plots her father’s death with a lover, leaves the lover for dead and then seduces her brother who has a fondness for pain.  When Harry marries, she foists the child she has by him onto his wife.  Pregnant again, Beatrice seduces a man and traps him into marriage.  Ultimately, she drives her husband to drink and then into an institution so she can sell his Scottish estates to gain resources for Wideacre.  She also brutally exploits the peasants who work the farm to ensure the estate’s well-being.  Although I enjoy many of this author’s books, especially The Other Boleyn Girl, the writing is so rich in the Wideacre Trilogy it remains an all time favorite.

 

The Help – Kathryn Stockett

9780241950807Absolutely stunning book which focuses on three women in 1962 as the Deep South is convulsed by the Civil Rights Movement.  Skeeter has just graduated from Ole Miss.  She has a degree and dreams of being a writer, but the conventions of the time decree it more important she land a man.  The woman she usually confides in, the black maid who raised her, has disappeared.  Aibileen, just such a black maid, is raising yet another white child.  She’s devoted to the child but broken by the death of her own son who died while his white bosses looked the other way.  Aibileen’s best friend, Minnie, also a black maid who can cook like nobody’s business, has lost her job due to her sassy tongue.  She manages to find employment with a woman new to town who is kind but has painful secrets.  The three come together for a clandestine project that will put them all, and those they love, at great risk.  Why?  Because they are suffocating under the social and cultural strictures of the time.

The Winds of War – Herman Wouk

21484This is a great book about World War II revolving around Victor “Pug” Henry, a naval officer, and his family.  In 1939, Pug is appointed attaché in Berlin.  His insights bring him to the attention of President Roosevelt, and enable him meet Churchill, Mussolini, Stalin and Hitler.  His devotion to work alienates his wife who has an affair with a man destined for the Manhattan Project.  Pug is attracted to an English woman.  His oldest son, Warren, is a naval academy graduate in flight school who marries the daughter of a congressman. Pug’s daughter, Madeline, works in radio.  Son, Byron, is in the naval reserve, but works as a research assistant for a Jewish author in Italy.  Byron falls in love with the author’s niece and they marry.  Following Pearl Harbor, Pug, Warren and Byron prepare to fight.  Byron’s wife and son remain trapped in Europe. The story concludes in the sequel War and Remembrance.  I love this author.  He wrote The Caine Mutiny and Marjorie Morningstar which are equally spectacular.

The First Man in Rome – Colleen McCullough

9780061582417_p0_v2_s260x4201-29-15:  Rest In Peace Colleen McCullough.  I love this author. This book, the first in a series, is a favorite.  Meticulously researched, it focuses on Gaius Marius and Lucius Cornelius Sulla of the late Roman republic as Marius rises to power.  It begins when he forms a political alliance with the Caesars by marrying daughter, Julia. He proves his military prowess by winning the Numidian war after his protegé, Sulla, captures King Jugurtha.  Needing troops to fend off Germans, Marius angers aristocrats by recruiting the poor and reorganizing the Roman army which does result in defeat for the Germans. Marius contends with political opposition as he enjoys unprecedented consecutive consulships.  Many of his reforms frighten the upper classes.  Marius uses a client, Saturninus, to introduce measures in the Senate.  When he agrees to compromise with patricians, Saturninus feels betrayed and leads an uprising.  Marius crushes the revolt which leaves him in full control and the undisputed First Man in Rome.